“Samadhi Siddhi Ishvarapranidhana” Patanjali Yoga Sutra 2:45
Deepest meditative state of Samadhi is attained by devotion to the Supreme Being – Ishwara.
Steady in the path of yoga and the yogic practices and being in permanent awareness of the Divine – Ishwara, the Sadhaka (practitioner) may attain Samadhi. The Sadhaka when surrenders to the unknown, accept the unknown and thus accept the Divine, the sacred, what can not be seen or heard. This is the acceptance of pure infinite consciousness, the essence of all divinity. Patanjali states clearly through the Yoga Sutras, that the Sadhaka must accept this. Although we do not see the stars in the daylight, we accept that they exist. When a room is dark, we know where the furniture and walls are. Thus, in this manner of thought, we accept and surrender to pure consciousness – Ishwara.
In the Upanishads, the word Īśvara is used to denote a state of collective consciousness. Thus, God is not a being that sits on a high pedestal beyond the sun, moon, and stars; God is actually the state of Ultimate Reality. But due to the lack of direct experience, God has been personified and given various names and forms by religions throughout the ages. When one expands one’s individual consciousness to the Universal Consciousness, it is called Self-realization, for the individual self has realized the unity of diversity, the very underlying principle, or Universal Self, beneath all forms and names.